Egyptian Authorities Open Sealed Ptolemaic-Era Sarcophagus

Traces of early man were found in Egypt dating back as early as , years ago. Egypt and ancient Canaan to the north probably served as the bridges by which successive waves of humans: Ancient Egyptians used a phonetic-pictograph writing called hieroglyphics by the Ancient Greeks. This system evolved from portrayal of pictures of objects to using stylized representation of objects to represent sound combinations and compose words, to a phonetic alphabet much like our own. Ancient Egypt boasted considerable achievements in art, medicine, astronomy and literature, and was the hub of civilization in much of the Near East and North Africa. The unique history of ancient Egypt and visible monuments to that history helped Egyptians to preserve a distinct national consciousness, and to remain a separate entity during the years of Arab, Mameluke and Ottoman conquest. Mummy Until the conversion to Christianity, Egyptian polytheistic religion centered around the after life. Pharaohs and rich Egyptians built elaborate tombs in caves or in Pyramids, decorated with elaborate art on the interior and containing jewelry and objects that would be needed in the after-life, and in some cases servants and slaves who were interred with their master. The walls of pyramids were decorated with elaborate stylized frescos such as the one at right, in which noble persons were shown as larger than slaves, and subjects were drawn in profile.

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The modern use of the term “Coptic” describes Egyptian Christians, as well as the last stage of the ancient Egyptian language script. Also, it describes the distinctive art and architecture that developed as an early expression of the new faith. The Coptic Church is based on the teachings of Saint Mark who brought Christianity to Egypt during the reign of the Roman emperor Nero in the first century, a dozen of years after the Lord’s ascension.

He was one of the four evangelists and the one who wrote the oldest canonical gospel. Christianity spread throughout Egypt within half a century of Saint Mark’s arrival in Alexandria as is clear from the New Testament writings found in Bahnasa, in Middle Egypt, which date around the year A. The Coptic Church, which is now more than nineteen centuries old, was the subject of many prophecies in the Old Testament. The Coptic church regards itself as a strong defendant of Christian faith.

The Nicene Creed , which is recited in all churches throughout the world, has been authored by one of its favorite sons, Saint Athanasius , the Pope of Alexandria for 46 years, from A.

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He was nephew of the patriarch of that city, Theophilus. Cyril received a classical and theological education at Alexandria and was ordained by his uncle. He accompanied Theophilus to Constantinople in and was present at the Synod of the Oak that deposed John Chrysostom, whom he believed guilty of the charges against him.

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It might be easily shown that they have all been remarkably fulfilled. For example, the singular disappearance of Noph i. History Egypt consists geographically of two halves, the northern being the Delta, and the southern Upper Egypt, between Cairo and the First Cataract. The two kingdoms of the north and south were united by Menes, the founder of the first historical dynasty of kings. They had their capital at Zoan or Tanis now San , in the northeastern part of the Delta.

The Hyksos were finally expelled about B. Canaan and Syria were subdued, as well as Cyprus , and the boundaries of the Egyptian Empire were fixed at the Euphrates. Its oldest capital, within the historic period, was Memphis, the ruins of which may still be seen near the Pyramids and the Sphinx. When the Old Empire of Menes came to an end, the seat of empire was shifted to Thebes, some miles farther up the Nile.

Alexandria

Literary Monuments of Ancient Egypt; V. Distances by water are somewhat greater owing to the winding course of the river. As far as Edfu Appollinopolis Magna the valley is rather narrow, rarely as much as two or three miles wide. Indeed, “in Lower Nubia the cultivable land area is seldom more than a few hundred yards in width and at not a few points, especially on the west bank, the desert advances clear up to the river bank” Baedeker, Egypt, , p.

The general aspect of the Nubian desert is that of a comparatively low table-land, stony in the north, studded with sandy hills in the south. The cataract, however, has lost much of its grandeur since the building of the great dam which now regulates the supply for the irrigation of the country in time of low water.

A new mystery awaits history buffs in Egypt. A team of Egyptian archeologists recently uncovered a black granite sarcophagus in Alexandria, and no one knows what is inside. The sarcophagus, which.

An Egyptian archaeological mission found an ancient tomb dating to the Ptolemaic period B. C , as they were inspecting the land before giving authorization for its owner to dig the foundations of a building. A team of Egyptian archeologists recently uncovered a black granite sarcophagus in Alexandria, and no one knows what is inside.

The team found it more than 16 feet below ground, inside a tomb they said likely dates back to the Ptolemaic period, which lasted from around to 30 B. In addition to the sarcophagus, the archeologists found an alabaster bust of a man that likely depicts the owner of the tomb. The sarcophagus itself is 6 feet tall, 8. When the team found it, they discovered a layer of mortar between the lid and the body of the sarcophagus, which suggests it has not been opened in 2, years.

For many years, archeologists had largely ignored Alexandria, according to Smithsonian. Even though the famous city has an important place in history, centuries of building has covered over many of the ruins and millions of people now live and work on top of what was once founded by Alexander the Great. When researchers do open the sarcophagus, it could give them a rare opportunity to examine whatever is preserved inside.

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Historical sites and landmarks[ edit ] Egypt — Obelisk, Alexandria. Roman Amphitheater Roman Pompey’s Pillar Due to the constant presence of war in Alexandria in ancient times, very little of the ancient city has survived into the present day. Much of the royal and civic quarters sank beneath the harbour due to earthquake subsidence in AD , and the rest has been built over in modern times.

Kom El Shoqafa ” Pompey’s Pillar “, a Roman triumphal column , is one of the best-known ancient monuments still standing in Alexandria today.

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The original library held the largest collection of manuscripts in the world and was a great center of learning for years until it burned down in the 3rd century. The Library of Alexandria is of religious significance because of its original role as a temple, its historical association with such Christian theologians as Origen of Alexandria, and its collection of many religious manuscripts including rare copies of the Qur’an.

This article covers both the ancient and modern Alexandrian libraries together, as they share a common heritage and objectives. It was a temple to the muses Mouseion in Greek; Museum in Latin and functioned as an academy, research center, and library. The great thinkers of the age flocked to Alexandria to study and exchange ideas. The original library was located in the royal district of the city, with an additional building for storage on the harbor, and a “daughter library” located in the Serapeum in the southwest part of the city.

As many as , scrolls, the equivalent of more than , modern printed books, filled the shelves.

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Why the Bible Cannot be the Word of God. Did Moses “write” the Exodus account or someone else, in other words is the Exodus an eye-witness account of the events? Obviously someone else is writing about Moses and describing his activities Cf.

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Alexandria played an important role in preserving and transmitting Hellenic culture to the wider Mediterranean world and was a crucible of scholarship, piety, and ecclesiastical politics in early Christian history. Although it has been asserted that Alexandria declined as a result of its conquest by Muslim Arabs in the 7th century ce, such a statement is misleading. As late as the 15th century, the city prospered as a transit point in the trade conducted between the Red Sea and the Mediterranean basin.

Alexandria, EgyptDowntown Alexandria, Egypt. By the time French troops invaded Egypt in , Alexandria had been reduced to a town of some 10, inhabitants, significant mainly for its role in Ottoman maritime networks. Flourishing in the 19th century as a major centre of the booming cotton industry, the modern city had come to bear little in common with the ancient metropolis.

Throughout most of its history, Alexandria has thus remained a cosmopolitan town, belonging as much—or perhaps more—to the wider Mediterranean world as to its hinterland.

St. Cyril of Alexandria

Even from their ancient times, the Egyptians had a true preoccupation for their culture. A fact proved by the relics and artifacts found in the excavations made in the historical sites from Egypt. The royalty of the ancient Egypt had a cult for the gold jewelry and paid much attention to the clothes they were wearing, preferring the silk clothes.

The life of the ancient Egyptians was coordinated by their gods and goddesses in who they have a very strong faith. The ancient Egypt’s religious practices were related to the celestial bodies and their movements.

Jul 20,  · Since the announcement of its discovery earlier this month, the buried sarcophagus in Alexandria, Egypt, created a lot of speculation about who might be inside.

Historical sites and landmarks[ edit ] Egypt — Obelisk, Alexandria. Roman Amphitheater Roman Pompey’s Pillar Due to the constant presence of war in Alexandria in ancient times, very little of the ancient city has survived into the present day. Much of the royal and civic quarters sank beneath the harbour due to earthquake subsidence in AD , and the rest has been built over in modern times. Kom El Shoqafa ” Pompey’s Pillar “, a Roman triumphal column , is one of the best-known ancient monuments still standing in Alexandria today.

It is located on Alexandria’s ancient acropolis —a modest hill located adjacent to the city’s Arab cemetery —and was originally part of a temple colonnade. Its volume is cubic meters 4, cubic feet and weight approximately tons.

Alexandria

It is located on both banks of the River Nile near the head of the river’s delta in northern Egypt and has been settled for more than years, serving as the capital of numerous Egyptian civilizations. Cairo is known locally as “Misr”, the Arabic name for Egypt, because of its centrality in Egyptian life. Greater Cairo is spread across three of Egypt’s administrative governorates. The north eastern part is known as Kaliobia Governorate, while the west bank is part of the governorate of Giza, and the eastern parts and south eastern parts are another governorate known as Cairo, the three parts are known together as greater Cairo.

The city is marked by the traditions and influences of the East and the West, the ancient and the modern.

The word Copt is derived from the Greek word Aigyptos, which was, in turn, derived from “Hikaptah”, one of the names for Memphis, the first capital of Ancient Egypt. The modern use of the term “Coptic” describes Egyptian Christians, as well as the last stage of the ancient Egyptian language script. Also, it describes the distinctive art and architecture that developed as an early expression of.

This dramatic event, counted as Seleucus’ first regal year, was continued as the Seleucid Era, the first continuous count of time in world chronology, soon to inspire the similar Arsacid Era of Parthia. There is also the residual uncertainty about Hellenistic dating. Bickerman, for instance, positively asserted that Seleucus reconquered Babylon “in August of ” [Chronology of the Ancient World, Cornell University Press, , , , p. Seleucus] was given a thousand men by Ptolemy and set out from Palestine to Babylonia” [Dividing the Spoils, Oxford, , p.

While we may have more confidence in up-to-date scholarship, sometimes older analyses are later vindicated. As recounted above , Seleucus had to fend off two major efforts against him to recover Babylon for Antigonus Monophthalmos. With Babylon secure, he was able to take control of the vast Iranian hinterland, the geographical bulk of Alexander’s Empire.

However, Seleucus leaves India to the growing power of the Mauryas , and was compensated with war elephants that he then began to breed himself. Having defeated and killed Antigonus and Lysimachus , Seleucus was about to add Thrace to his kingdom when, stepping out of the boat in Europe, he was assassinated by Ptolemy Ceraunus, whom he had taken in as a refugee from his father, Ptolemy I.

Ceraunus is also said to have killed Seleucus while they were hunting together near Lysmacheia, which had been Lysimachus’ capital on the Gallipoli peninsula. Ceraunus claimed the throne of Thrace and Macedon, while the rest of Seleucus’ domain passed to his half-Iranian son Antiochus. The capital of the kingdom, Seleucia, founded on the Tigris, began to replace Babylon as the metropolitan city of the region, but it did not achieve the historical significance and permanence of Alexandria in Egypt.

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